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How is a concussion treated?

For the first 24-48 hours after injury, it is recommended that another adult monitor for any of the warning signs or symptoms listed in the question above.

Additionally, it is recommended that you:

  • Avoid strenuous physical (e.g. return to sports) and mental activity (e.g. texting, spending time on the computer, reading) for the first few days after injury
  • Do not drive until your doctor says it is safe to do so
  • Do not drink alcohol, take sleeping pills or recreational drugs
  • Talk to your doctor about taking acetaminophen (e.g. Tylenol) for pain relief of headaches

Common symptoms usually resolve in several weeks to 3 months.  The following may assist in your recovery:

  • Ensuring you get a proper sleep and physical and mental rest
  • Do not drive or operate machinery until your concentration improves
  • Do not drink alcohol or take drugs
  • Use only medication prescribed by your doctor
  • If you have problems at work or school, speak to your doctor, employer or teacher(s) to let them know; you may need to gradually return to school or work
  • Talk to your doctor to develop a plan to gradually increase activity (e.g. work, school, exercise, sports)
  • Talk to your doctor if you are having difficulty coping or your mood is affecting your relationships

Source: Guidelines for Concussion/Mild Traumatic Brain Injury & Persistent Symptoms, Second Edition, For Adults (18+ years of age) - Ontario Neurotrauma Foundation www.onf.org