For Individuals/Families

Supporting Someone with a Brain Injury

Recovery from a brain injury can be a long and challenging process. If someone you know has a brain injury, you can play an important role in their recovery by learning more about brain injuries and how to support them.

Recommended resources:

Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre

Rancho Los Amigos Levels of Cognitive Functioning Scale – A Guide for Family and Friends

Health professionals often use the Rancho Los Amigos Scale to describe how a person is recovering in the first few months after their injury. Remember: a person with a brain injury moves through these levels at their own pace. Some people may:

  • move from one level to another.
  • never be at the lower levels.
  • never reach the higher levels.
  • be in more than one level at the same time.

Ontario Brain Injury Association (OBIA) Resources

  • Caregiving After Brain Injury – Includes information about the levels of recovery and how you can support your loved one. There are six modules that provide education and guidance for family members and caregivers.
  • Employer Support Initiative – The goal of this initiative is to provide employers with tailored education, training and enhanced support services as their employees return to work after a concussion/brain injury. This is a free service. OBIA is currently accepting expressions of interest in participating in the Employer Support Initiative with an anticipated start date of early Spring 2024.
  • HELPLINE –  If you are supporting someone after a brain injury, it’s important to look after yourself too. For help or support, call the HELPLINE at 1-800-263-5404  |  Calls answered Mon – Fri from 9:30am to 4pm EST (closed on statutory holidays)

Visit our events page for information on caregiver support groups. For information on brain injury services in Toronto and GTA, contact us.

Additional resources: